Exporting and selling goods in foreign markets has special subtleties and sensitivities, which if not paid attention to them may waste human and financial investments in this regard. Export, like any other business, requires foresight, planning, familiarity with scientific methods, the necessary mobility, and gaining the trust of foreign buyers. The steps of exporting goods can be listed as follows:
• Issuance of proforma (preforma invoice): The exporter must send the proforma or preforma invoice which contains the specifications of the product and its seller to the buyer.
• Preparation and packaging: At this stage, the exporter must prepare the goods and pack according to the agreement made.
• Export pricing: To determine the price of its export goods, the exporter must consider the necessary items such as shipping costs, clearance costs in the country of origin and destination, marketing commissions in the country of origin and destination, competition of goods in the destination country depending on the quality.
• Obtaining an export license from relevant bodies and organizations: After marketing, the exporter must obtain an export license from the Ministries of Industry, Agriculture or Commerce. But at present, the export of most goods does not require a license and only occasional licenses are issued for certain goods.
• Declaration of goods to customs: At this stage, the goods are transported to customs and an export or export declaration is prepared and submitted to customs. After evaluating the goods and sealing the packages, an exit license (export license) is obtained.
• Transport and insurance contract: The exporter signs a shipping contract with one of the reputable international transport companies and also insures the goods until they reach their destination.
• Receipt of goods inspection certificate: This certificate, which is usually requested by the buyer, is issued by the institutions that have been agreed upon by the parties.
• Issuance of invoice and obtaining a certificate of origin: At this stage, the exporter must issue an invoice for the sale of their goods and submit it to the local Chamber of Commerce for approval, and the Chamber of Commerce will issue a certificate of origin.
• Delivery of goods: The exporter delivers the export license to the transport company and based on that, the company issues a bill of lading and loads the goods from customs and transports them to the destination.
Documents for the export of goods by a real or legal person
Valid business card in the name of the issuer
• Preparation of sales invoice
• Prepare a packing list if the items are different
• Contract of transportation and insurance
• Obtaining a customs declaration (declaration of goods to the customs of origin)
• Obtaining a bill of lading.
• Obtaining a certificate of origin
• Obtaining a health certificate
• Standard certificate (if the goods are subject to mandatory export standard regulations)
• Types of dates including Mazafati, Zahedi, Kaloteh and Piyarom
Some goods have been exported from Iran to European and American countries by Guardian World
• Dried fruits including white mulberries, raisins
• A variety of dried Herb
• Pickled Cucumber
• Olive oil